Human Rights Damage Awards

Decisions Limiting Lost Income Awards – Various

Tribunal Decisions Limiting Lost Income Claim
Clennon v Toronto East General HRTO


No lost income claim as termination for performance reasons would have followed in any event.
Hughes v 1308581 Ontario Ltd HRTO


Business closed. No income claim beyond this date.
S.H. v M. Painting HRTO


Income loss mirrors seasonal aspect of employer’s business.
Milano v Triple K CHRT


9 months. Employment would have then ended, regardless of unfair conduct.
Osvald v Videocomm HRTO


Prior performance limited claim as did intervening event of complainant’s pregnancy.
Elliott v Can-Art HRTO


Lost income claim of 2.5 years limited by intervening medical issues and lack of evidence as to impact of the impact of this intervening medical issue and impact on subsequent unemployment. 3 months awarded.
McLean v. DY 4 Systems




The Tribunal noted the extremes within which an order for lost wages may be made from (1) no lost wages due to the likelihood of a termination for non-discriminatory reasons to (2) a claim for lost income to the date of the hearing or beyond it. A three year award to the date of retirement was made, given the uncertainties of a successful return to work, influenced by that fact that the applicant had been medically unable to work for three years prior.


Schulz v Lethbridge AHRC


30 months allowed against 5 years sought – other factors intervened at 30 months
Lane v AGDA

The case went to Div Ct but not on this issue.



Div Ct

The applicant had been terminated due to a medical disability in October of 2001. His physician found him medically able to return to employment in February of 2002. A lost income claim had been sought to August 2002. The claim for lost income was allowed to June of 2002. The tribunal found that beyond that date, other factors had intervened to cause the income loss for which the employer could not be held responsible.


Walsh v Mobil Oil Alta CA


 gender and reprisal Lost income due to adverse treatment and reprisal of $472,666 and pension loss of $139,154 and counseling bills of $10,000; Six years of lost earnings was not fully compensated due to intervention of other extraneous factor.
Yaschuk v Emerson Electric Canada Limited





Sexual harassment & retaliation The employer successfully proved that the complainant's employment was destined to be terminated, regardless of the adverse conduct, one month following the actual date of termination, which was found to be due to her complaint of sexual harassment. The income loss was so limited.
Li v University Health Network HRTO


Failure to mitigate. Claim denied.
Farris v Staubauch HRTO


Failure to mitigate. Claim denied.
Tahmourpour v RCMP.

This decision was reviewed and set aside by the Federal Court, which decision for the most part was, in turn set aside by the Federal Court of Appeal and a new hearing ordered. The main issue for the new hearing was the determination of the income loss beyond the first period of 2 years and 12 weeks.




Due to an administrative error, the employee did not make submissions to the second tribunal hearing on this issue. A subsequent judicial review application was unsuccessful. On the substantive issue of the wage loss beyond the grace period, Near J. concluded that there was no error in making the failure to mitigate finding.A further appeal of this decision was made on the procedural issue which failed.


Failure to mitigate substantially reduced income loss.
Anderson v Law Help HRTO


Claim limited by failure to mitigate.
Payette v Alarm Guard HRTO


Claim denied due to failure to mitigate
Davis v Nordock HRTO


Claim denied due to failure to mitigate